Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a discipline in which the principles and tools of traditional engineering disciplines are applied to the analysis and solution of problems in biology and medicine. It differs from other branches of engineering in that there is no particular subject matter or set of techniques that belong exclusively to it. A Biomedical Engineering education aims to train engineers who can analyse multifold problems from an engineering, biological and medical perspective. They should be able to anticipate the special difficulties in working with living systems and evaluate a wider range of possible approaches to solutions.
The Biomedical Engineering curriculum teaches fundamental concepts and approaches adapted from electrical, mechanical, chemical and materials engineering syllabi, which need to be applied to studying and unravelling biomedical problems. Not only does the study of Biomedical Engineering provide a solid foundation in biological sciences and engineering, it develops powerful methods for understanding basic physiological processes such as fluid transport (for example, blood and mucus transport), feedback control (for example, the control of blood pressure), and cell regulation (for example attachment, differentiation and proliferation). Furthermore, Biomedical Engineering also helps in understanding the principles underlying biomedical instruments (for example, ECG machine, computer tomography), orthopaedic implants (for example, hip and knee joints) and prosthetic devices.