Force/Torque Sensor for Tele-operated Catheterization Procedures

Abstract A tele-operated robotic catheterization system can significantly alleviate the surgeons from radiation exposure and fatigue resulted from long standing time with protective suits. Proximal force/torque signals imply the critical information about the contact forces between the catheter and its surrounding structures. This paper presents a compact, cost-effective force and torque sensing device suitable for catheterization procedures to measure the … Continue reading

Data-driven Learning Intelligent Control for Flexible Surgical Manipulators

Abstract Automate Surgical Tasks for A Flexible Serpentine Manipulator via Learning Actuation Space Trajectory from Demonstration Background: Accurate motion control of flexible surgical manipulators is crucial in tissue manipulation tasks. Tendon-driven serpentine manipulator (TSM) is one of the most widely adopted flexible mechanisms in MIS for its enhanced maneuverability in torturous environment. TSM, however, exhibits high nonlinearities and conventional analytical … Continue reading

Motion Planning of Flexible Manipulators by Learning from Human Expert Demonstrations

Abstract Motion Planning of Multiple-segment flexible soft, and continuum Flexible Manipulators by Learning from Human Expert Demonstrations Multiple-segment flexible and soft robotic actuators exhibit compliance but suffer from the difficulty of path planning due to their redundant degrees of freedom, although they are promising in complex tasks such as crossing body cavities to grasp objects. We propose a learning from … Continue reading

Ultrasound Assisted Guidance with Force Cues for Intravascular Interventions

Project Goals Image guidance during minimally invasive cardiovascular interventions is primarily achieved based on X-ray fluoroscopy, which has several limitations including limited 3D imaging, significant doses of radiation to operators, and lack of contact force measurement between the cardiovascular anatomy and interventional tools. Ultrasound imaging may complement or possibly replace 2D fluoroscopy for intravascular interventions due to its portability, safety, … Continue reading

Tracking Magnetic Particles under Ultrasound Imaging using Contrast-Enhancing Microbubbles

Abstract Magnetic microbubbles which can be controlled by an external magnetic field have been explored as a method for precise and efficient drug delivery. In this paper, a technique for the fabrication of microbubble encapsulated magnetic spheres is presented. The resultant magnetic spheres were subsequently imaged using ultrasound and the encapsulated microbubbles proved to appear as bright spots and resulted in enhanced ultrasound … Continue reading

Tele-Operation and Active Visual Servoing of a Compact Portable Continuum Tubular Robot

Demo Videos – tele-operation, visual servoing and hybrid control (Summery) – EIH VS in free space – EIH VS inside a skull model – Eye-to-hand Visual Servoing Project goals Trans-orifice minimally invasive procedures have received more and more attention because of the advantages of lower infection risks, minimal scarring and shorter recovery time. Due to the ability of retaining force … Continue reading

Simultaneous Hand-Eye, Tool-Flange and Robot-Robot Calibration for Co-manipulators by Solving AXB=YCZ Problem

Abstract Multi-robot co-manipulation shows great potential to address the limitations of using single robot in complicated tasks such as robotic surgeries. However, the dynamic setup poses great uncertainties in the circumstances of robotic mobility and unstructured environment. Therefore, the relationships among all the base frames (robot-robot calibration) and the relationships between the end-effectors and the other devices such as cameras (hand-eye calibration) … Continue reading

Tip Tracking and Shape Sensing for Flexible Surgical Robots

Project Goals As a typical minimally invasive surgery, transoral surgery brings to patients significant benefits such as decreased intra-operative blood loss, less post-operative complication morbidity, shorter hospitalization length and recovery period. Flexible surgical robot (such as tendon/wire/cable-driven robot and concentric tube robot) is an efficient device for transoral inspection and diagnosis. It can work well in complicated and confined environments. … Continue reading

ETH Image Based Visual Servoing to Guide Flexible Robots

Video Demo Eye-To-Hand Image Based Visual Servoing to Guide Flexible Robots Project goals Flexible robots including active cannula or cable driven continuum robots are typically suitable for such minimally invasive surgeries because they are able to present various flexible shapes with great dexterity, which strengthens the ability of collision avoidance and enlarges the reachability of operation tools. Using model based … Continue reading

Surgical Tracking Based on Stereo Vision and Depth Sensing

Project Goals: The objective of this research is to incorporate multiple sensors at broad spectrum, including stereo infrared (IR) cameras, color (or RGB) cameras and depth sensors to perceive the surgical environment. Features extracted from each modality can contribute to the cognition of complex surgical environment or procedures. Additionally, their combination can provide higher robustness and accuracy beyond what is … Continue reading