Body-Attached Soft Robot for Ultrasound Imaging

Project Goals Ultrasound imaging procedures are deemed as one of the most convenient and least invasive medical diagnostic imaging modalities and have been widely utilized in health care providers, which are expecting semiautomatic or fully-automatic imaging systems to reduce the current clinical workloads. This paper presents a portable and wearable soft robotic system which has been designed with the purpose … Continue reading

A compact continuum tubular robotic system for transnasal procedures

Video [kad_youtube url=”https://youtu.be/E_OXL-4kxAY” ] Project Goals Nasopharynx cancer, or nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), is a tumor that originates in the nasopharynx, the uppermost region of the pharynx where the nasal passage and the throat join. It is a common disease occurring to ethnic Chinese people living in or emigrating from southern China; it is also the eighth most frequently occurred cancer among Singaporean men. Traditional posterior nasopharyngeal … Continue reading

Simultaneous Hand-Eye, Tool-Flange and Robot-Robot Calibration for Co-manipulators by Solving AXB=YCZ Problem

Abstract Multi-robot co-manipulation shows great potential to address the limitations of using single robot in complicated tasks such as robotic surgeries. However, the dynamic setup poses great uncertainties in the circumstances of robotic mobility and unstructured environment. Therefore, the relationships among all the base frames (robot-robot calibration) and the relationships between the end-effectors and the other devices such as cameras (hand-eye calibration) … Continue reading

Tip Tracking and Shape Sensing for Flexible Surgical Robots

Project Goals As a typical minimally invasive surgery, transoral surgery brings to patients significant benefits such as decreased intra-operative blood loss, less post-operative complication morbidity, shorter hospitalization length and recovery period. Flexible surgical robot (such as tendon/wire/cable-driven robot and concentric tube robot) is an efficient device for transoral inspection and diagnosis. It can work well in complicated and confined environments. … Continue reading

ETH Image Based Visual Servoing to Guide Flexible Robots

Video Demo Eye-To-Hand Image Based Visual Servoing to Guide Flexible Robots Project goals Flexible robots including active cannula or cable driven continuum robots are typically suitable for such minimally invasive surgeries because they are able to present various flexible shapes with great dexterity, which strengthens the ability of collision avoidance and enlarges the reachability of operation tools. Using model based … Continue reading

Surgical Tracking Based on Stereo Vision and Depth Sensing

Project Goals: The objective of this research is to incorporate multiple sensors at broad spectrum, including stereo infrared (IR) cameras, color (or RGB) cameras and depth sensors to perceive the surgical environment. Features extracted from each modality can contribute to the cognition of complex surgical environment or procedures. Additionally, their combination can provide higher robustness and accuracy beyond what is … Continue reading

3D Ultrasound Tracking and Servoing of Tubular Surgical Robots

Collaborators: [Pediatric Cardiac Bioengineering Lab of Children’s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, USA] [Philips Research] Abstract Ultrasound imaging is a useful modality for guiding minimally invasive interventions due to its portability and safety. In cardiac surgery, for example, real-time 3D ultrasound imaging is being investigated for guiding repairs of complex defects inside the beating heart. Substantial difficulty can arise, however, … Continue reading

Surgical Tracking System for Laparoscopic Surgery

Collaborators: ERC-CISST, LCSR Lab of Johns Hopkins University, USA Fraunhofer Germany (FhG) Laparoscopic surgery poses a challenging problem for a real-time intra-body navigation system: how to keep tracking the surgical instruments inside the human body intra-operatively. This project aims to develop surgical tracking technology that is accurate, robust against environmental disturbances, and does not require line-of-sight. The current approach is … Continue reading

Biomedical Application of Wireless Heterogeneous Sensor Networks

We study a typical heterogeneous network, a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), as it consists of various types of biosensors to monitor different physiological parameters. WBSN will help to enhance medical services with its unique advantages in long-term monitoring, easy network deployment, wireless connections, and ambulatory capabilities. The network protocol plays an important role in carrying out the medical and … Continue reading

Automated tracking of pallets in warehouses based on asymmetric ultrasound observation models

We consider the use of wireless sensor networks to automatically track “perceptive pallets” of materials in ware-houses for the purpose of monitoring volumetric and spatial constraints. A combination of radio frequency and ultrasound chirping produces position estimates that are noisy and prone to error. To address this, we measure and characterize the ultrasound response from standard “Cricket” wireless sensor motes … Continue reading